Prisons are extremely high-risk environments for the transmission of blood borne viruses (BBV), including HIV and hepatitis C (HCV), due to extremely high rates of incarceration for people convicted of drug related offences, continued illicit drug use and injection and poor access in prisons to the most effective means of BBV prevention for PWIDs – sterile syringes. Many PWID in prisons come from marginalised populations and are already at elevated risk of BBV transmission. High rates of BBV transmission in prisons are linked to the sharing of used injecting equipment, unsafe tattooing and piercing practices and to unprotected sexual encounters. Syringe sharing rates are significantly higher in prisons than among PWID in the general community.
This review outlines the current international situation regarding NSP in Prisons and is the only document to outline such a comprehensive overview available.
Download Needle & Syringe Programs in Prisons – An International Review (PDF, 1.9Mb)